PIA00139: Comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 Fragment W Impact With Jupiter


Comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 Fragment W Impact With Jupiter

Caption:

These four images of Jupiter and the luminous night-side impact of fragment W of Comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 were taken by the Galileo spacecraft on July 22, 1994. The spacecraft was 238 million kilometers (148 million miles) from Jupiter at the time, and 621 million kilometers from Earth. The spacecraft was about 40 degrees from Earth's line of sight to Jupiter, permitting this direct view. The images were taken at intervals of 2 1/3 seconds, using the green filter (visible light). The first image, taken at an equivalent time to 8:06:10 Greenwich Mean Time (1:06 a m. Pacific Daylight Time), shows no impact. In the next three images, a point of light appears, brightens so much as to saturate its picture element, and then fades again, seven seconds after the first picture. The location is approximately 44 degrees south as predicted, dark spots to the right are from previous impacts. Jupiter is approximately 60 picture elements in diameter. Galileo tape-recorded most of its observations of the Shoemaker-Levy events during the second week of July 1994 and has since been playing the tape back selectively. Many more pictures and data from other instruments remain to be returned from the spacecraft's tape recorder. Playbacks will continue through January 1995. It is not yet certain whether the data relate to meteor bolides (the comet fragment entering Jupiter's atmosphere) or to the subsequent explosion and fireball. Once all the Galileo, Hubble Space Telescope and groundbased data are integrated, an excellent start-to-finish characterization of these remarkable phenomena will be available.

Background Info:

The Galileo project, whose primary mission is the exploration of the Jupiter system in 1995 through 1997, is managed by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory for NASA's Office of Space Science.

Cataloging Keywords:

Name Value Additional Values
Target Jupiter Earth
System Jupiter Earth
Target Type Planet Comet, Earth
Mission Galileo Hubble Space Telescope (HST)
Instrument Host Galileo Orbiter Hubble Space Telescope (HST)
Host Type Orbiter Orbiting Telescope, Probe
Instrument Solid-State Imaging (SSI)
Detector
Extra Keywords Atmosphere, Grayscale, Storm
Acquisition Date
Release Date 1996-01-29
Date in Caption 1994-07-22
Image Credit NASA/JPL
Source photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/catalog/PIA00139
Identifier PIA00139