Five color views of Jupiter's moon Io, as seen by NASA's Galileo spacecraft camera, were taken between the 25th and the 29th of June, 1996 Universal Time. The color is a composite of the red, green, and violet filters of the on board imaging system with the brightness of the violet bandpass increased to provide better color discrimination. The full disk images were intended for color mapping of Io's surface and for comparison to Voyager images. Where images overlap several features can be seen to change in relative brightness, perhaps due to unusual light scattering behavior or active phenomena. The crescent images were intended primarily for color imaging of active volcanic plumes on the bright limb and these images showed that the Voyager-era Loki plumes were no longer active and revealed a new plume at Ra Patera. The smallest features which can be discerned in the 5 views range from 9 to 23 kilometers and provide our best look at Io since the 1979 Voyager flybys. Sub-spacecraft longitudes on Io (from upper left to lower right) are 69, 338, 264, 211, and 221 W. North is to the top.
Launched in October 1989, Galileo entered orbit around Jupiter on December 7, 1995. The spacecraft's mission is to conduct detailed studies of the giant planet, its largest moons and the Jovian magnetic environment. The Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA manages the mission for NASA's Office of Space Science, Washington, DC.
This image and other images and data received from Galileo are posted on the World Wide Web, on the Galileo mission home page at http://galileo.jpl.nasa.gov. Background information and educational context for the images can be found at http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/galileo/sepo .
|Instrument Host||Galileo Orbiter|
|Host Type||Orbiter||Flyby Spacecraft, Probe|
|Instrument||Solid-State Imaging (SSI)|
|Extra Keywords||Color, Magnetosphere, Plume, Volcano|
|Date in Caption|
|Image Credit||NASA/JPL/Ames Research Center|