This image, taken with the Narrow Angle Camera (NAC), gives us a stunning high-resolution view of Tyagaraja crater. The crater was named for Kakarla Tyagabrahmam, colloquially known as Tyāgarājar, the 18th century composer of Carnatic music or classical South Indian music. One of the most distinctive features of Tyagaraja is the large number of coalesced
covering large portions of the crater floor; these may have been formed by sublimation of a component of the material when exposed by the original impact. When
imaged in color
, reddish volcanic vents can be seen at the crater's center.
This image was acquired as a high-resolution targeted observation. Targeted observations are images of a small area on Mercury's surface at resolutions much higher than the 200-meter/pixel morphology base map. It is not possible to cover all of Mercury's surface at this high resolution, but typically several areas of high scientific interest are imaged in this mode each week.
April 12, 2012
Image Mission Elapsed Time (MET): 242713071
Image ID: 1637966
Instrument: Narrow Angle Camera (NAC) of the Mercury Dual Imaging System (MDIS)
Center Latitude: 3.70°
Center Longitude: 211.1° E
Resolution: 75 meters/pixel
Scale: Tyagaraja crater is about 97 km (60 miles) in diameter
Incidence Angle: 68.4°
Emission Angle: 9.7°
Phase Angle: 78.2°
The MESSENGER spacecraft is the first ever to orbit the planet Mercury, and the spacecraft's seven scientific instruments and radio science investigation are unraveling the history and evolution of the Solar System's innermost planet. Visit the Why Mercury? section of this website to learn more about the key science questions that the MESSENGER mission is addressing. During the one-year primary mission, MDIS acquired 88,746 images and extensive other data sets. MESSENGER is now in a year-long extended mission, during which plans call for the acquisition of more than 80,000 additional images to support MESSENGER's science goals.
These images are from MESSENGER, a NASA Discovery mission to conduct the first orbital study of the innermost planet, Mercury. For information regarding the use of images, see the MESSENGER image use policy .
|Instrument||Mercury Dual Imaging System (MDIS)|
|Detector||Narrow Angle Camera (NAC)|
|Extra Keywords||Crater, Grayscale, Impact, Map, Radio, Volcano|
|Date in Caption||2012-04-12|
|Image Credit||NASA/Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory/Carnegie Institution of Washington|