PIA19439: Five New Crater Names for Mercury

Five New Crater Names for Mercury


Five previously unnamed craters on Mercury now have names.

MESSENGER's Education and Public Outreach (EPO) team led a contest that solicited naming suggestions from the public via a competition website . In total, 3,600 contest entries were received and a semi-final list of 17 names were submitted to the International Astronomical Union (IAU) for consideration. The IAU selected the final five crater names, keeping with the convention that Mercury's craters are named after those who have made significant contributions to the humanities. And the winners are:

  • Carolan : (83.8° N, 31.7° E) Named for Turlough O'Carolan, the Irish musician and composer (1670-1738)
  • Enheduanna : (48.3° N, 326.2° E) Named for the author and poet from ancient Mesopotamia
  • Karsh (35.6° S, 78.9° E) Named for Yousuf Karsh, twentieth century Armenian-Canadian portrait photographer
  • Kulthum (50.7° N, 93.5° E) Named for Umm Kulthum, twentieth century Egyptian singer, songwriter, and actress
  • Rivera : (69.3° N, 32.4° E) Named for Diego Rivera, twentieth century Mexican painter and muralist
  • Watch an animation showing the locations of the five newly named craters, or view them on this graphic along with the IAU news release. Read the MESSENGER mission news story for additional details.

    Background Info:

    The MESSENGER spacecraft is the first ever to orbit the planet Mercury, and the spacecraft's seven scientific instruments and radio science investigation are unraveling the history and evolution of the Solar System's innermost planet. In the mission's more than four years of orbital operations, MESSENGER has acquired over 250,000 images and extensive other data sets. MESSENGER's highly successful orbital mission is about to come to an end , as the spacecraft runs out of propellant and the force of solar gravity causes it to impact the surface of Mercury on April 30, 2015.

    For information regarding the use of images, see the MESSENGER image use policy .

    Cataloging Keywords:

    Name Value Additional Values
    Target Mercury
    Target Type Planet
    Mission MESSENGER
    Instrument Host MESSENGER
    Host Type Orbiter
    Extra Keywords Color, Crater, Impact, Radio
    Acquisition Date
    Release Date 2015-04-29
    Date in Caption
    Image Credit NASA/Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory/Carnegie Institution of Washington
    Source photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/catalog/PIA19439
    Identifier PIA19439