PIA11405: Mercury's Topography from the Second Flyby

Mercury’s Topography from the Second Flyby


This figure shows about a 1,600 kilometer-long (1,000 mile-long) section of the MLA profile from MESSENGER's second Mercury flyby superimposed on a portion of the NAC approach mosaic from the mission's first Mercury encounter (see PIA10605 ). The blue line indicates the spacecraft ground track, and the yellow dots show the altimetry data points; the blue arrow shows the spacecraft's direction of travel. This hemisphere has about 70% of the range in topography sampled by MLA during the first Mercury flyby (see PIA10394 ) and so this part of the equatorial hemisphere is smoother than that sampled last January. Near longitude -97° (263°E) there is a wrinkle ridge nearly 1 kilometer high (yellow arrow and white box containing a magnified view) that indicates horizontal shortening of the crust, possibly the result of global contraction associated with the cooling of the interior. In the longitude range of -115° to -120° (245°E to 240°E), the instrument sampled several craters of different depths with tilted floors (tilts of -0.5° to -0.2°; example indicated with a white arrow) that may have been the result of deformational processes.

Date Acquired: January 14 and October 6, 2008
Instrument: Mercury Laser Altimeter (MLA), Narrow Angle Camera (NAC)
Scale: The MLA track shown is about 1,600 kilometers (1,000 miles) long

Background Info:

These images are from MESSENGER, a NASA Discovery mission to conduct the first orbital study of the innermost planet, Mercury. For information regarding the use of images, see the MESSENGER image use policy .

Cataloging Keywords:

Name Value Additional Values
Target Mercury
System Mercury
Target Type Planet
Instrument Host MESSENGER
Host Type Orbiter
Instrument Mercury Dual Imaging System (MDIS) Mercury Laser Altimeter (MLA)
Extra Keywords Color, Crater
Acquisition Date
Release Date 2008-10-29
Date in Caption 2008-10-06
Image Credit NASA/Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory/Carnegie Institution of Washington
Source photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/catalog/PIA11405
Identifier PIA11405